Modern Slavery and Trafficking

For many victims of modern slavery and trafficking access to healthcare is the only opportunity they may have to verbalise the situation they find themselves in. Front line healthcare workers can be one of the only professionals who may have unsupervised access to victims of modern slavery.

modern slavery and trafficking

The key signs health care staff may see are:

key signs

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Section 54 of the Modern Slavery Act (TSO, 2015) requires large companies with a turnover of £36m or more to report on what, if anything, they are doing to address slavery and trafficking in their supply chains.

NHS England has responded to this requirement and has published their Modern Slavery Statement 2018/19 which is available on the website:

Additional resources

Department of Health (2015) Guidance: Identifying and Supporting Victims of Modern Slavery: guidance for health staff. DoH. Available at:

Adult Modern Slavery Protocol FOR Local Authorities

Referral pathway

Local Authorities' Referral Pathway for Adult Victims of Modern Slavery

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NRM Process Guide for Local Authorities Steps 1-12

This guide accompanies the Local Authorities’ Referral Process Pathway for Adult Victims of Modern Slavery. This guide provides non-prescriptive steps to follow when a potential victim of human trafficking or modern slavery is identified. It should be adapted to each local authority’s internal structures.

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Definitions and Indicators

How to identify a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery

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Statutory Duties and Powers

The NRM and a local authority’s statutory duties to identify and support victims of human trafficking and modern slavery

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